Sunday, 9 September 2012

Definition of Tourism

Tourism

Tourism is travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes".

Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. In 2011, there were over 983 million international tourist arrivals worldwide, representing a growth of 4.6% when compared to 940 million in 2010.International tourism receipts (the travel item of the balance of payments) grew to US$1.03 trillion (€740 billion) in 2011, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 3.8% from 2010. In 2011, international travel demand continued to recover from the losses resulting from the late-2000s recession, where tourism suffered a strong slowdown from the second half of 2008 through the end of 2009. After a 5% increase in the first half of 2008, growth in international tourist arrivals moved into negative territory in the second half of 2008, and ended up only 2% for the year, compared to a 7% increase in 2007.The negative trend intensified during 2009, exacerbated in some countries due to the outbreak of the H1N1 influenza virus, resulting in a worldwide decline of 4.2% in 2009 to 880 million international tourists arrivals, and a 5.7% decline in international tourism receipts.



Tourism is important, and in some cases, vital for many countries. It was recognized in the Manila Declaration on World Tourism of 1980 as "an activity essential to the life of nations because of its direct effects on the social, cultural, educational and economic sectors of national societies and on their international relations.

 effect of medical tourism

 

 

World tourism statistics and rankings

Most-visited countries by international tourist arrivals

RankCountryUNWTO
Region
International
tourist
arrivals
(2011)
International
tourist
arrivals
(2010)
Change
2010
to 2011
1 FranceEurope79.5 million77.1 million+3.0%
2 United StatesNorth America62.3 million59.8 million+4.2%
3 ChinaAsia57.6 million55.7 million+3.4%
4 SpainEurope56.7 million52.7 million+7.6%
5 ItalyEurope46.1 million43.6 million+5.7%
6 TurkeyEuroAsia29.3 million27.0 million+8.7%
7 United KingdomEurope29.2 million28.3 million+3.2%
8 GermanyEurope28.4 million26.9 million+5.5%
9 MalaysiaAsia24.7 million24.6 million+0.6%
10 MexicoNorth America23.4 million23.3 million+0.5%

 

International tourism receipts

International tourism receipts grew to US$1.03 trillion (€740 billion) in 2011, corresponding to an increase in real terms of 3.8% from 2010. The World Tourism Organization reports the following countries as the top ten tourism earners for the year 2011, with the United States by far the top earner.
RankCountryUNWTO
Region
International
tourism
receipts
(2011)
1 United StatesNorth America$116.3 billion
2 SpainEurope$59.9 billion
3 FranceEurope$53.8 billion
4 ChinaAsia$48.5 billion
5 ItalyEurope$43.0 billion
6 GermanyEurope$38.8 billion
7 United KingdomEurope$35.9 billion
8 AustraliaOceania$31.4 billion
9 Macao (China)Asia$27.8 billion
10 Hong Kong (China)Asia$27.2 billion

International tourism expenditure

The World Tourism Organization reports the following countries as the top ten biggest spenders on international tourism for the year 2011.
RankCountryUNWTO
Region
International
tourism
expenditure
(2011)
1 GermanyEurope$84.3 billion
2 United StatesNorth America$79.1 billion
3 ChinaAsia$72.6 billion
4 United KingdomEurope$50.6 billion
5 FranceEurope$41.7 billion
6 CanadaNorth America$33.0 billion
7 RussiaEurope$32.5 billion
8 ItalyEurope$28.7 billion
9 JapanAsia$27.2 billion
10 AustraliaOceania$26.9 billion

Most-visited cities by international tourist arrivals

Top 10 most visited cities by estimated number of international visitors by selected year
RankCityCountryInternational
visitors
(millions)
YearNotes
1Paris France15.62011Extrapolation, excluding outer suburbs visitors
2London United Kingdom15.22011
3Antalya Turkey10.52011May include same-day visitors
4New York City United States10.32011Projection, may include same-day visitors
5Singapore Singapore9.22010Excluding Malaysian citizens arriving by land
6Kuala Lumpur Malaysia9.02011Only hotel guests
7Hong Kong Hong Kong (China)8.72011Excluding Mainland Chinese visitors
8Dubai United Arab Emirates8.12011Only hotel and hotel apartment guests
9Istanbul Turkey8.12011May include same-day visitors
10Bangkok Thailand7.22010

3 comments:

  1. why is philippine not listed in the most visited country?

    ReplyDelete
  2. information about tourism.. good..

    ReplyDelete